Pain is the most common symptom of potentially thousands of diseases, disorders, injuries, and conditions you can experience in your lifetime. Pain management specialists help you regulate pain with exercises, therapy, medications, and procedures. What are the types of pain? Different types of pain result from an accident or disease. Some pain results from treatments and other pain have no known cause. Acute: It often results from an injury and is a sharp pain. It gets better when providers treat the injury or disease that is causing the pain. This type of pain can result from muscle spasms, bone fractures, burn or other kinds of accidents. Chronic: This type of pain can result from an untreated disease or injury. It can also result from conditions like fibromyalgia or nerve damage, and arthritis. Low back pain is different type of chronic pain. Nociceptive: Nerve cell endings send pain signals to your brain when you have an injury. This type of pain happens when you break a bump or bone, in your head or pull a muscle. Neuropathic: Neuropathic pain happens when nerves fire pain signals to the brain by mistake. Problems related to the nervous system cause neuropathic pain. Pain management strategies Generally, doctors suggest that a person’s emotional wellbeing can impact the experience of pain. Some key pain management strategies are pain medicines, physical therapies (heat or cold packs, massage, hydrotherapy, and exercise), mind and body techniques (acupuncture), and psychological therapies (cognitive behavioral therapy, relaxation techniques). What are the different types of pain management? There are several ways to manage different types of pain in our body. You can have a team of pain management experts who work together to help you manage long-term or severe pain. These specialists can work in a field of medicine called algiatry. They may recommend one approach or a combination of several pain management techniques. Therapy and Counseling: Cognitive behavioral therapy can help you to manage chronic pain by changing how your mind reacts to physical discomfort. This chronic pain can also lead to anxiety and depression. Your provider may recommend other types of meditation, counseling, or therapy to help you manage these emotions. At-home remedies: You may be able to relieve pain from injuries to muscles, soft tissues, and bones at home. If you are resting then apply ice or a cold compress every 20 minutes or so to reduce swelling and pain. Exercise: You can also consider Pilates, yoga, tai chi, swimming, or walking. These exercises are helpful in reducing chronic pain, improving posture and help your body work better overall. They help you stay balanced and also benefit your mental health. Medications: Your provider may recommend prescription or over-the-counter medications to relieve discomfort, depending on the type of pain. Some of these pain-relieving drugs can be habit-forming. You may need antibiotics to treat muscle relaxers for spasms, an infection, or anti-inflammatory drugs to relieve swelling. Injections and stimulations: Your provider may recommend transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation to relieve nerve pain. These steroid injections deliver pain relief medication directly to the painful area.
Chronic pain Chronic pain is a kind of pain that lasts for over three months and can happen anywhere in your body. It can interfere with your daily activities like as working, having a social life, and taking care of yourself or others. It can lead to trouble sleeping, anxiety, and depression which can make your pain worse. Chronic pain differs from another type of pain which is called acute pain. It continues long after you recover from an injury or illness but sometimes it even happens for no obvious reason. What causes chronic pain? There are several types of chronic pain caused by a bone, muscle, or joint condition, nerve pain, and pain due to cancer. It can also be caused by illnesses like arthritis, osteoporosis, migraine, and other musculoskeletal conditions, or after an injury or surgery. If you have an injury, nerves carry signals from the injured part of your body to the brain and tell the brain that there’s a problem. But in chronic pain conditions, the nerves that carry pain signals to the brain, or the brain itself, are behaving in an unusual way. The nerves might be more sensitive than the brain which might be misreading other signals as pain. How can we treat chronic pain? Doctors first try to identify and treat the cause to relieve chronic pain. They treat chronic pain in many different ways that depend on many factors like the type of pain you have, the cause of your pain, and your age and overall health. The best treatment plans use a variety of strategies like lifestyle changes, medications, and therapies. If you are suffering from depression and chronic pain or anxiety then it is important to seek treatment for your mental health condition. What tests are used to diagnose chronic pain? Your doctor will physically examine your body and order tests to look for the cause of the pain. They may have you undergo tests such as imaging tests, such as X-rays and MRI, blood tests, nerve conduction studies to see if your nerves are reacting properly, reflex and balance tests, electromyography to test muscle activity, spinal fluid tests, and urine tests. Chronic Pain Management and Prevention Prevention is the most important part of the pain management process. So, trying to avoid triggers, maintaining a healthy lifestyle, and using posture-friendly equipment are some of the main pain management prevention tips. Maintain Your Health: Always maintain a healthy lifestyle that involves eating healthy foods and getting enough physical activity. Always take proper nutrition that provides our bodies with the fuel, vitamins, and minerals we need to stay healthy. It is important to limit processed foods and sugary foods because they can lead to obesity, diabetes, and other medical conditions. Reduce Stress: Stress affects us emotionally, mentally, and physically. Chronic stress keeps your body in a state of alert, meaning your muscles remain tense and your blood pressure elevated. Consider meditation, breathing exercises, positive self-talk, exercising, and massages to reduce stress. Get Plenty of Sleep: Sleep impairment may disrupt processes that contribute to the maintenance of chronic pain and pain inhibition.