Pain is the most common symptom of potentially thousands of diseases, disorders, injuries, and conditions you can experience in your lifetime. Pain management specialists help you regulate pain with exercises, therapy, medications, and procedures. What are the types of pain? Different types of pain result from an accident or disease. Some pain results from treatments and other pain have no known cause. Acute: It often results from an injury and is a sharp pain. It gets better when providers treat the injury or disease that is causing the pain. This type of pain can result from muscle spasms, bone fractures, burn or other kinds of accidents. Chronic: This type of pain can result from an untreated disease or injury. It can also result from conditions like fibromyalgia or nerve damage, and arthritis. Low back pain is different type of chronic pain. Nociceptive: Nerve cell endings send pain signals to your brain when you have an injury. This type of pain happens when you break a bump or bone, in your head or pull a muscle. Neuropathic: Neuropathic pain happens when nerves fire pain signals to the brain by mistake. Problems related to the nervous system cause neuropathic pain. Pain management strategies Generally, doctors suggest that a person’s emotional wellbeing can impact the experience of pain. Some key pain management strategies are pain medicines, physical therapies (heat or cold packs, massage, hydrotherapy, and exercise), mind and body techniques (acupuncture), and psychological therapies (cognitive behavioral therapy, relaxation techniques). What are the different types of pain management? There are several ways to manage different types of pain in our body. You can have a team of pain management experts who work together to help you manage long-term or severe pain. These specialists can work in a field of medicine called algiatry. They may recommend one approach or a combination of several pain management techniques. Therapy and Counseling: Cognitive behavioral therapy can help you to manage chronic pain by changing how your mind reacts to physical discomfort. This chronic pain can also lead to anxiety and depression. Your provider may recommend other types of meditation, counseling, or therapy to help you manage these emotions. At-home remedies: You may be able to relieve pain from injuries to muscles, soft tissues, and bones at home. If you are resting then apply ice or a cold compress every 20 minutes or so to reduce swelling and pain. Exercise: You can also consider Pilates, yoga, tai chi, swimming, or walking. These exercises are helpful in reducing chronic pain, improving posture and help your body work better overall. They help you stay balanced and also benefit your mental health. Medications: Your provider may recommend prescription or over-the-counter medications to relieve discomfort, depending on the type of pain. Some of these pain-relieving drugs can be habit-forming. You may need antibiotics to treat muscle relaxers for spasms, an infection, or anti-inflammatory drugs to relieve swelling. Injections and stimulations: Your provider may recommend transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation to relieve nerve pain. These steroid injections deliver pain relief medication directly to the painful area.
What is pain? In general, the term pain describes uncomfortable sensations in the body that stem from the activation of the nervous system. It may feel like a sharp stab or dull ache and may be described as throbbing, pinching, stinging, burning, or sore. Pain may start and stop frequently, occur only under some conditions, or maybe consistent. It may develop suddenly and last for a short period of time or may be acute. Pain may affect a specific part of your body or may be localized such as the overall body aches associated with the flu. What causes the pain? Pain is clearly caused by a specific injury or medical condition in some cases but in other cases may be less obvious or unknown. Many disorders or illnesses like arthritis, flu, fibromyalgia, and endometriosis can cause pain. Types of pain There are many types of pain. It is possible to experience more than one type of pain at the same time. If you are suffering from pain then identifying the type of pain may help your doctor narrow down the potential causes and develop a treatment plan. Acute pain: Acute pain tends to occur suddenly as a result of a known medical procedure, injury, or illness and develops over a short period of time. Acute pain may result from illnesses such as food poisoning, strep throat, or appendicitis. It tends to be sharp, rather than dull and usually goes away within a few days, weeks, or months after the cause has been treated or resolved. Chronic pains: Chronic pain may result from a variety of health conditions like fibromyalgia, chronic migraines, arthritis, or cancer. The cause of chronic pain is hard to identify in some cases. Some experience chronic pain when there is no other evidence of underlying injury or illness which is known as functional pain. You may experience chronic pain following an injury, even after the initial injury has healed. Nociceptive pain: Nociceptive pain is caused by tissue damage that may result from injuries like burns, bruises, cuts, or fractures. When nociceptive pain develops in your ligaments, tendons, joints, skin, muscles, or bones is known as somatic pain. It may be chronic or acute depending on the underlying cause. Functional pain: This pain is caused by no obvious injury or damage to your body and tends to be chronic, although acute functional pain may also develop. Most of the world’s population is suffering from functional pain syndrome irritable bowel syndrome which causes abdominal pain. How pain is diagnosed? Pain may be diagnosed by your symptoms and medical history. Your doctor may order the following tests to check for potential causes of your pain such as urine tests, stool tests, blood tests, or cerebral spinal fluid tests to check for signs of infection or other illnesses. If you seek medical attention for your pain then your physician will first do a physical examination and ask you some questions. Be prepared to describe the pain history, when it started, when it is most intense, and whether it is mild, moderate, or severe.